Health Blog


Skincare in winter: An analysis of skin problems and solutions

Published on 2017-03-17 10:03:00

Face is the index of personality that depicts the characteristics of a person. A person with radiantly glowing face gives us an impression about the assertiveness and positive fervour of the person. Whereas, a person with dull, gloomy and lustreless face leaves us thinking pessimistic about the person’s personality and attitude. Actually, facial skin of the person makes the difference.

Be it a cheerful face or a dull look, face indicates the personality of a person and acts as medium between feelings and the activities. Though all the time, this supposition can be proved perfect, it gives us an impression about the person. People who take proper care of their skin especially face get a glowing skin whereas the people who neglect their skins get dull skin and face. With a radiant face with glowing skin, pleasing personality, and positive attitude, people are well accepted in social group, community and professional space.

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With consistent and proper care of your skin you can avoid a wide range of the serious and tormenting skin issues and creates pleasing personality. Many times serious skin issues lead to skin cancer and can be proved fatal if not properly taken care or minimised. In diabetes, people take care of their skin efficiently, or else, it can cause skin cancer and skin ulcer which can be incurable and deadly.

In many cases some seasonal skin disease proved to be very painful and it creates serious concerns among the children. Especially in winter season, we face a numerous skin problems ranging from minor dried skin to severe dryness which leads to skin cracks and bleeding. Scaly Skin, chapped skin, cracked lips, Itchy and irritated skin are common in the winter season.

 

Why skin care is important?

Skin is the largest organ in human body. It overs entire body from head to toe and it protects the body from external elements. The epidermis is the upper layer of our skin which we can see, feel and touch. This is made up of dead epithelial skin and it consists of the several layers. Below to the epidermis, there is a closely adjacent skin layer, which is called the dermis. This layer contains nerve endings, small blood vessels, oil and sweat glands, and hair follicles. This layer also has collagen and elastic tissue that helps keeping the skin firm and strong. Below the dermis we find an extra layer called subcutaneous layer, which is made up of fatty tissues that act as a foundation for the dermis.

 

Skin provides protection to the body from any external pressure, stress, radiation and infection. It regulates the temperature of the body by moisturising the body due to the tightly formed cells and protects us from absorption of external fluid or liquid. It provides best thermal regulation through evaporation of sweat when the body temperature soars. Increased evaporation of the secreted sweat decreases the body temperature. Most importantly, our skin dermis detects and provides us various sensations such heat, cold, pressure, contact and pain. Nerve endings in the dermis help us detecting sensation and these are prone to wounds. Our skin is main provider of vitamin D through the production of Cholecalciferol (D3) in the two lowermost layers of the epidermis. So if you don’t take care of your skin you may create the reasons of many bodily issues.

In Diabetes, the extremities of our body our prone to wounds; if not properly taken care, it can creates skin ulcer and cancer which are difficult to cure. With lack of proper skin care in feet and hands such as providing ample cleanliness, miniaturization, comfort, a small wound can cause the fatal skin cancer.

With lack of cleanliness and hygiene in facial, neck, and shoulder muscle, one can develop acne and pimples which ultimately can leave your face with permanent dark spots and dry skin. It permanently lacks facial glow, lustre and softness. If the skins are not properly cleaned with moisturising soap, it helps developing many winter seasonal skin diseases.

In winter, your skin can be affected by many diseases due to fungal infections which can cause rashes, red patches on the skin which are in itchy. According to most of the dermatologist, feet and hands are prone to fungal infection.


Most commonly, in winter, both children and older people are affected by the fungal infection. Due to lack of cleanliness and hygiene, children suffer from empetigoa disease in where they grow small boils on their skin. If these skin diseases are neglected, it could lead to nephrological disorders.

 

Before getting into solving the skin issues in winter, consult you dermatologist for the particular problem and get prescribed for the required medications from the specific brans: ointment, lotions, moisturizer, soap and creams. Consult with skin expert in your saloon to treat your skin according to the suggestion your dermatologist.

Winter skin problems and solutions

Dry skin

With the advent of winter, we commonly observe dry skin. It becomes worse for those who already have a drier skin condition. With winter air, the smooth and moisturised skin of spring and summer becomes dry with tightness, flaking, roughness, and cracks.

 

If you develop dray skin in winter, use of soap must be minimised or must be used in least possible amount, or else it may aggravate dry skin. If needed, you must use soap with moisturisers. Ideally, you need to apply a natural body scrub to exofoliate your skin. Use an oil based moisturiser to provide a protective layer for your skin. Some home remedies such as papaya face pack, milk and almond face pack, yogurt and buttermilk face pack, glycerine, petroleum jelly, olive oil and egg yolk face pack, avocado and honey face pack, coconut oil, lemon and honey solution, sunflower oil, strawberries mask, banana mask, honey and raw milk help a lot.
 

Chapped skin

Spending more time in outside in the cold or engage in the outdoor activities more frequently in winter, you create more chances to get chapped skin. It becomes more painful when it accompanies with dehydration, sun exposure, windburn, and exposure to moisture from snow fall. This not only affects the skin exposed to cold such as face and neck but also affects the hands, and wrists.


To get rid of this skin problem, you need to wash the affected areas very carefully, dry with clean cloth and apply an oil based moisturiser. The moisturiser will supply adequate amount of the moister to the affected areas. Based on your skin types, get a moisturizer prescribed by your doctor.
 

Chapped lips

Not only the face and hands are chapped in winter but also the lips gets chapped and cracked easily since it is getting exposed to winter. Compare to other part of the body or face, lips are of sensitive. Lips are covered with thin layer of skins which are prone to dryness. In fact, because of the surface blood vessels and the ultra-thin, transparent layer of skin, lips are in reddish or pink colour. In extreme cold weather, the blood vessels in the lips shut down, becoming poorly oxygenated, which turns the lips into blue or black. The condition becomes even worse, due to improper thermal management since lips do have sweat gland and the water dries 10 times faster in the lips.

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A consistent approach towards keeping your lips covered with a soothing lip balm or gloss can cure chapped lips. You should prefer a lip balm with vitamins A and E, petrolatum or dimethicone, cocoa butter, beeswax which will help soothe and repair broken skin. These creams provide a better result in night. So, at night, apply a soothing lip balm or clear thick gloss to your lips. Before applying balm, use a gentle lip scrub to remove the dead, dry, flaky skin which will make the lip surface smooth. Be careful of the lip care products containing skin irritants such as menthol, camphor, peppermint, or citrus or those that are highly fragranced.

 

Angular Cheilitis

Angular cheilitis is a mouth infection that causes inflammation and irritation within your mouth corners. This condition causes red, swollen patches in the corners of your mouth. This is also called perleche and angular stomatitis. This sensitive sores at one or both corners of your mouth resulted in bleeding, blistered, cracked, crusty, itchy, painful, red scaly and woollen lips. Because of the dryness and discomfort in the lips, you may not eat properly.

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This problem starts with minor discomfort in lip corners due to the dried and built up saliva which stuck in the corner of the lips. When it gets dried and when you try to moisture by licking, it creates a perfect condition for fungal infection which causes the painful sores in the corner.

People with diabetes must be very careful as the skins are prone to infection. Due to excessive glucose it creates a breeding ground for fungus.

 

Doctors generally suggest keeping the mouth corner area dry, clean, fungal and infection free. If the cause of the infection is fungal, your doctor may prescribe some anti-fungal creams for the treatment. Your doctor will prescribe an antibacterial cream if angular cheilities are caused by bacteria. Ideally, doctors suggest petroleum jelly to apply on the affected areas.

Dry Cuticles

Cuticles bridge the gaps between the fingers and toes and their nails. If these are properly protected, the nails remain firm and stable which ultimately protect the fingers. In the winter season, due to extreme cold and harsh weather, the cuticles gets dried and chapped which drains the moisture. Frequent hand wash with soap without moisturizer can create dry cuticles.

Drinking enough water helps us get rid of the dryness in the skin. You need to apply a moisturizing lotion onto the cuticle which will help you lock the moisture. Application of Vitamin E oil and us e of a moisturizing gloves overnight treatments are a useful option. You may need to apply a good shea butter moisturizer. Many salons offer hot wax treatments to make skin soft and smooth and treat dryness.

Good skin care is essential in winter

A cleaned and radiant skin and glowing face with a shining forehead give us positive fervour of a person. Good skins needs consistent and careful attention towards dryness and other skins related issues. Good skin care needs cleaning and moisturizing. Cleaning the dirt and oily element from skin helps us getting clear and infection-free skin. As cleaning dries out the moisture, a skin cream with moisturiser is ideal option.

Your dedicated efforts, keenness, and consistent approach towards taking care of your skin result in providing you healthy and glowing skin. You should be very careful while undergoing any skin treatment. Consult a good dermatologist before going for a skin care regime of cleaning and moisturizing. Avoid using skin irritant creams in winter season.

Keep a good habit of drinking enough water, eating nutritious food and moisturising skin which helps a lot to get a healthy and attractive skin. Many cases badly treated and neglected skin becomes the reason for many skin diseases and deadly skin cancers.