Health Blog

Infection occurring to patient in Hospital or Healthcare Facility

Published on 2017-08-12 13:08:39

Nosocomial Infection, Pink Medico Education Series

Nosocomial Infection, Infection in Hospital, Pink Medico Education

Hospital stay is certainly not a idea of good time. But if you or someone you love is hospitalised or visiting hospitals, it is important to know that the person is at risk of an infection in hospital. 

Nosocomial infection refers to and infection occurring to patient in a hospital or other healthcare facility, in whom the infection was not present at the time of admission. This infections are acquired in the hospital but may appear after discharge and also occupational infections among staffs of the hospital or the facility. It is also referred as microbiological contamination that is introduced accidently because of infectious material such as bacteria, yeast, mould, fungi, virus, protozoa or their toxin. Even one bacterium can quickly replace itself into millions.

This infections occurs worldwide and affects both developed and undeveloped countries. Infections acquired in health care facilities are among the major causes of death and increased morbidity amount patients.

A WHO study shows that the highest prevalence of nosocomial infection occurs in intensive care units and in acute surgical and orthopedic wards. Studies have revealed that mortality rate for blood-stream infections to be 10-25%

A prevalence survey conducted under the support of WHO showed that an average 8.7% of patients had nosocomial infections. These studies indicates that nosocomial infection are one of the leading cause of death worldwide. This infection also results in increased stay at the hospital and in turn increases the cost of treatment, and increased morbidity.

Symptoms of healthcare associated infection:

  • Urinary Tract Infections 
  • Surgical Site infections - discharge from wound etc
  • Gastroenteritis - nausea, vomitting, diarrhea
  • Pneumonia

Prevention of contamination of medical devices and infusion solutions is of great importance in hospitals and in turn it can save many lives. Studies have proved that use of Closed Infusion Systems supports in the reduction of hospital acquired infections which thereby reduces days of stay of patients in the hospital reduces the mortality rate and treatment cost as well.